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CSMA/CD

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Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection: the media access mechanism used by Ethernet and IEEE 802.3 wherein devices ready to transmit data first check the channel for a carrier. If no carrier is sensed for a specific period of time, a device can transmit. If two devices transmit at once, a collision occurs and is detected by all colliding devices. This collision subsequently delays retransmissions from those devices for some random length of time.