How to Install Linux

Linux is a free operating system that you can install on any computer. There are various different distributions available developed by different organizations and groups, however we’ll go through installing ubuntu linux which is one of the more popular distributions.

First thing you’ll need to do, is on your PC, download the iso image from the website: ubuntu.com/download/desktop

Next, you’ll need to “burn” this image to a USB flash drive. You can do this with a utility called rufus. You can download that here.

Download both of these to your downloads folder.

Insert a USB flash drive into your PC, go to your downloads folder and double click on rufus3.9.exe. Note rufus will erase the flash drive, so make sure any data you want to keep is backed up.

Once rufus opens, select your USB flash drive if it isn’t already selected.

rufus

Click ‘select’, navigate to your downloads folder, and select the ubuntu iso image you downloaded earlier.

rufus install linux

Click ‘open’. Then click ‘start’ on the bottom right of the rufus window to begin creating the installer.

From the pop up dialog box select ‘yes’ to download the files required.

On the next dialog box select ‘write in DD image mode’ and click ‘ok’.

Now insert the USB flash drive into the machine you want to install linux on. Note that the installer will wipe anything that is currently installed on this machine, so make sure any data you want to keep is backed up.

Start up your machine.  As the machine boots, have a look at the start up screen for the hot key to display the boot menu. This is usually Esc, F8, F10, F11 or F12. On this particular machine it’s F11

BIOS boot menu

Once you find the boot menu select the USB drive.

BIOS boot menu

Wait for the installer to start.

Select your language on the left hand side then click ‘install ubuntu’

Select your keyboard layout. US, UK, etc

Connect to your WiFi network if your machine has a WiFi adapter. Double click on the name of the WiFi network you want to connect to, then enter your WiFi password.

Select ‘normal installation’. Make sure ‘download updates while installing ubuntu’ and ‘install third-party software…’ is selected

Select ‘erase disk and install ubuntu’ to perform a clean install on your machine.

Select your time zone.

Enter your name, a username to log in with, and a password. You’ll need these details to sign into ubuntu once it’s installed.

Allow the installer to complete the installation.

Click ‘restart now’ to reboot your machine.

Remove the USB drive and press enter when prompted.

Now sign into ubuntu with the username and password you created earlier.

Have fun!